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Types of Hormone Replacement Therapy

HRT, also the hormone therapy, menopausal hormone therapy or the estrogen replacement therapy is a method that is used to treat symptoms associated with aging and menopause. The doctors prescribe the procedure during or after menopause.

After the end o your periods, the level of hormones in your body falls causing uncomfortable symptoms like hot flashes, vaginal dryness and conditions like osteoporosis. The hormone replacement therapy helps in replacing the hormones that your body can no longer produce. The HRT is the most effective treatment for symptoms of menopause.

The Use of Estrogen in the Body
Often, when one thinks about pregnancy, they tend to think about estrogen. Estrogen plays an important role or preparing the uterus to receive the fertilized egg in women of child-bearing age. Estrogen also has other roles, like controlling how your body uses calcium, which strengthens bones and raises the level of good cholesterol in the blood.

When Should You Take Progesterone
If you have your womb, it is not advisable to take estrogen without progesterone as it grows your cancer of the endometrium risk. Since the cells from the endometrium are not leaving the body anymore during your periods; they may build up in your uterus and cause cancer. Progesterone lowers this risk by thickening the lining.

The Types of Hormone Replacement Therapy
In general, doctors suggest that women who have undergone hysterectomy should ingest a low dose of estrogen. Estrogen is available in many forms; the daily pill and patch are the most common, but the hormone can still be found in the forms of vaginal ring, gel or spray.

Estrogen/Progesterone/Progestin Therapy
This mostly called the combination therapy as it combines doses of estrogen and progestin. It is meant for women who still have their uterus.

Women with a family history of osteoporosis as well as those experiencing mild to severe symptoms of menopause are all candidates for hormone replacement therapy.If however, you have breast cancer, liver or heart disease or don’t suffer from the menopausal symptoms; then you are not fit for the hormone replacement therapy.

HRT Regimes
There are various treatment regimes of HRT available depending on whether you are still in the early stages of the menopause or have had menopausal symptoms for some time. The most common are the Sequential of Cyclical and the Continuous HRT.

The Cyclical HRT is recommended for women taking the combined Hormone replacement therapy who have menopausal symptoms but have their periods. It is of two types; the monthly HRT and the three-monthly HRT.

Continuous Combined HRT is recommended for women who are post-menopausal–not having a period for a year. It involves taking estrogen and progesterone every day without a break.

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